“Combi Loading” by railway is a service that cooperates with courier companies. This is aimed at increasing the efficiency of transportation and reducing the environmental burden.
In recent years, there has been a puncture of capacity due to manpower shortage in the nationwide automobile transportation industry in the logistics industry, and it is getting hard to maintain courier services and other services in many areas. Also, in rural railway industry railway lines are receiving the negative impact of population decline, depopulation, and the spread of automobiles. So, reduction of income by passenger reduction is an issue. Therefore, in order to simultaneously solve the problem of shortage of personnel in the logistics industry and the problem of passenger reduction by railroad companies, they carried out part of the freight transport traditionally carried out by the logistics industry in the regional railway. By this way, they are trying to solve these two problems at the same time.
The merit is that the railway is more punctual than the road, so the risk of delaying is reduced and the emission of exhaust gas is reduced so that consideration for the environment can be expected.
The demerit is that route and time may become inefficient in order to carry out transportation in 3 times with trucks, railroads and trucks. Also, the number of personnel required for one transportation increases, so it is sometimes inefficient eventually.
Examples of Hokuetsu Express
As an example of loading of passengers, there is an example of Hokuetsu Express. Hokuetsu Express has developed passenger transportation in Niigata prefecture by railway line "Hokuhoku Line". From 18th April 2017, this train cooperated with Sagawa Express and began a mixed shipping business using a regular passenger train.
This is made by improving the traditional train so that you can load the parcel of Takkyubin on part of the car. Hokuetsu Express has the merit of improving profitability.
In addition, for Sagawa Express, there is a merit of reducing personnel shortage by shifting transportation which was conventionally done by our own trucks to other companies. And for Hokuetsu Express users, the possibility of reduction or abolition is reduced, and the possibility that stable public transportation can be used increases.
In addition, because the Hokuetsu Express carries out the operation at 110 km / h, it leads to the quick and ecological delivery of the parcel delivery service.
As an actual figure, the time required for delivery was reduced by 1 hour (60% reduction) by the start of mixed shipment of passengers, and the CO2 emissions were also reduced by 14.0 kg per transport (88% reduction).
Besides, in the northern part of Niigata prefecture where Hokuetsu Express runs, roads stop due to heavy snow in winter and so on. As a result, obstacles are obstructed in the rapid transportation by trucks, but in railroads where measures against snow damage are firmly made, such situations It is relatively difficult to occur. In this way, there are great merits on the user side who uses Takkyubin as regards the implementation of mixed transportation of passengers by railway.
Combi Loading nationwide
Efforts to consolidated service is spreading nationwide as a new way of transportation. For example, according to the information released on October 29, 2018 in Hokkaido, Hokkaido information released a part of the passenger train of the JR Souyanomoto line running north of Hokkaido to resolve the lack of manpower and improve the collection and distribution efficiency loading of passengers will be carried out in the future. In this case, it is explained that there is an aim to make use of a railway excellent in scheduled operation for cargo transportation in order to improve the efficiency of transportation between Wakkanai and Teshiogun Horonobe area.
By this plan, Sagawa Kyubin aims to increase the efficiency of collection and delivery and the JR Hokkaido side, they will be able to be effectively utilize the train . Therefore, it can be linked to increase their income and ultimately bring about benefits to both sides. Traditionally, it transported 60.0 km from Wakkanai to Horonobe area by truck, but when loading of passengers starts, we will transport it via JR Wakkanai Station to JR Horonobe Station, which is nearest to Horonobe area by Sousanamoto line passenger train. Also, in Hokkaido, the road situation in the winter is bad, it can improve the punctuality of delivery in winter.